"HANWELL, a parish in the hundred of Elthorne, county Middlesex, 7¼ miles from London, and 2 N.W. of Brentford. It is a station on the Great Western railway, which has a viaduct here over the Brent of eight arches of 70 feet span each, and 70 feet high to the top of the parapet. The parish adjoins the river Brent and the Grand Junction canal. It is mentioned in Domesday as Hanewelle, and belonged to Westminster Abbey. The land is principally pasture, and the soil gravelly. Here is the County Lunatic Asylum, capable of holding 1,800 patients. The building, which cost £125,000, stands on an eminence, and is surrounded by flower-gardens and walks. There are 53 acres of ground attached to the institution, most of which is cultivated by the patients. The living is a rectory* in the diocese of London, value £432, in the patronage of the Bishop of London, who is lord of the manor. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a handsome structure, rebuilt in 1841 at the cost of nearly £4,000. Here Jonas Hanway is buried, who founded the Marine Society, and brought umbrellas into use. The parochial charities produce £237, of which £125 are for educational purposes. The principal seats are Osterly House, of the Earl of Jersey, Hanwell Park, The Sprig, and The Grove. Here is an artesian well 300 feet deep."
"OSTERLY HOUSE, a seat in the parish of Hanwell, hundred of Elshorne, county Middlesex, 1½ mile N.W. of Brentford, and 8 miles W. of Paddington. It is situated on the river Brent, and formerly belonged to Sheen Priory. It subsequently became the property of Sir Thomas Gresham, who entertained Queen Elizabeth here in 1577. The House, which was rebuilt in 1760, is the seat of the Countess of Jersey."
"WHARNCLIFFE VIADUCT, in the parish of Hanwell, county Middlesex. This railway bridge is 896 feet long, by 70 high, carrying the line of the Great Western railway across the valley of the Brent."
Description(s) from "The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland" (1868), transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003; intended for personal use only, so please respect the conditions of use.