"The burgh stands in a sheltered hollow among the hills at the junction of the Glaisnock and Lugar waters, and is traversed by the public road leading from Kilmarnock to Dumfries. Its name is supposed to have been derived from Cym, meaning a hollow valley; and cnoc, a hill, which was usually pronounced Cumnock."
"The town in general presents a clean and prosperous appearance, principal part of it being the Square, which was in old times a burying ground, and is now used as a market place. The Parish Church stands in the centre of the Square. The three or four principal streets contain good shops in departments. The town was formerly celebrated for the manufacture of wooden snuff-boxes, and small boxes every conceivable kind, decorated with ornamental painting. Except for its martyr graves, and an interesting relic call the Blue Tower, used in Covenanting times as a temporary barrack by the dragoons, the burgh does not afford great scope for the ingenuity of the antiquary."
"Ayrshire Nights Entertainment: A Descriptive Guide to the History, Traditions, Antiquities of the County of Ayr" by John MacIntosh of Galston, Ayrshire, published in 1894, by John Menzies & Co. of Kilmarnock, Dunlop and Drennan.