Tongue

"TONGUE, a parish in county Sutherland, Scotland. It comprises the villages of Skianid, Torrisdale, and Kirkibol. It extends in length about 20 miles from N.E. to S.W., with an extreme breadth of 12 miles, and is bounded by the North Sea and by the parishes of Farr, Eddrachillis, and Durness. The surface is hilly, attaining an altitude of 1,345 feet at Ben Hatig, 3,060 feet at Ben Hope, and 2,508 feet at Ben Laighal. The parish is-watered by the rivers Borgie and Melness, with lochs Ullaboll, Laighal, Maddie, Slam, and numerous small lakes. The coast line extends about 10 miles, and is divided by the Kyle of Tongue, and indented by several small creeks and by Whiten Head, the principal promontory on this part of the coast. Off the shore lie Roan and Rabbit islands. The rocks consist chiefly of gneiss, mica schist, and black manganese. At Sculmony there is a sulphur spring. Seals frequent Fraisgill Cave, and fish abound in the neighbouring seas. In the woods are red deer, black game, eagles, hawks, and foxes. There is an extensive tract of moss land, which is cut for fuel. The village, which is about 42 miles N.W. of Dornock, is situated on the Kyle of Tongue, near Whiten Head, and was formerly called Kintail, signifying the "head of the Sea." The parish is traversed by two main lines of road-one following the coast to Thurso, the other passing direct through the country of Golspie. This parish is the seat of a presbytery in the synod of Sutherland and Caithness, and is in the patronage of the crown. The stipend of the minister is about £158. The parish church was erected in 1731, and restored in 1778. There are Free churches at Melness and Eriboll, also a parochial and two other schools, and a subscription library."

Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)

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Tongue, Church of Scotland

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Presbyterian / Unitarian
Tongue, Church of Scotland

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

EALAN-NA-COOMB, an isle, in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland. This isle, also called Ealan na Naoiniph, or " Island of Saints ", lies off the northern coast of Sutherland, and a little eastward of the mouth of the Kyle of Tongue; it is of very small extent, and of nearly circular form. Here were formerly a chapel and burying-place, the remains of which are still visible. See Tongue.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

EALAN-NA-ROAN, an isle, in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland; containing 4*2 inhabitants. This place, the name of which signifies the " Island of Seals", is situated at the entrance to the Kyle of Tongue. It is about two miles in circumference, and is formed of a mi.xture of sand and a reddish kind of pebble, which appear as if baked together. The isle contains a large quantity of peat-moss, and has plenty of fresh water. Some years since, part of the land near the middle sank without any visible cause, occasioning a vast chasm. See Tongue.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

EILEAN-NAN-RON, an island, in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland; containing 4'2 inhabitants. This island, situated to the west of Eilean-nan- Naomh, has at high water the appearance of two islands, and is partly under cultivation by a few- tenants who, from a hollow in the form of a basin, containing land of much fertility, raise some fine crops of grain. The rocks rise precipitously to a great height, and on the north side are divided by numerous fissures, through which the wind rushes with force, carrying with it quantities of spray. See Tongue.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

KIRKIBOLL, a village, in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland, 5 a mile (VV.) from Tongue; containing Qi inhabitants. This is a pretty village, situated on a bay of its own name, which opens into the Kyle of Tongue .- it contains the manse, and a commodious inn; and at a short distance is Tongue House.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

RABBIT-ISLE, an islet (small), in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland. It is situated at the entrance of the Kyle of Tongue, and abounds in rabbits, whence the name.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

ROAN, or Eilean-nan-Ron, an island, in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland; containing 42 inhabitants. See Tongue.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

SKIANID, a village, in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland, 3^ miles (N. by W.) from Tongue church; containing 243 inhabitants. This place is situated on the western shore of the Kyle of Tongue, where the indentations form a kind of harbour protected by a small island called Rabbit Island. Southward of the village is a ferry to the opposite side of the Kyle, leading to the village of Tongue.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

TONGUE, a parish, in the county of Sutherland, 250 miles (N. by W.) from Edinburgh; containing, with the villages of Tongue, Skianid, and Torrisdale, 2041 inhabitants, of whom 1.5,58 are in the rural districts. This place anciently formed part of the parishes of Durness and Eddrachillis, from which it was severed in IT'Si, by act o the General Assembly. It derived its original name, Kintail, signifying in the Gaelic language the "head of the sea", from its situation at the head of an inlet from the North Sea, by which latter it is bounded on the north. The parish, on its separation, took its present name from a narrow neck of land projecting far into the Kyle of Tongue, the inlet above noticed: there is a ferry from this neck to the opposite shore. This part of Sutherlandshire vias for many generations the residence of the Mackays, from whom the surrounding district, to a large extent, obtained the appellation of Lord Reay's Country; it now belongs to the Duke of Sutherland, who is sole proprietor of the parish. No transactions of historical importance are recorded in connexion with the place. Some tumuli, at a place called Druimna- Coup, point out the spot where a battle was fought between the Mackays and the Sutherlands, and where, also, in more recent times, in 1746, a party landing from a vessel bringing a supply of gold from France for the Young Pretender, were seized and stripped of their treasure, by the inhabitants. The PARISH is about twenty miles in extreme length, and nearly eight miles in average breadth, comprising an area of 140 square miles, of which not more than 1000 acres are arable; 500 acres are in natural woods, about 250 in plantations, and the remainder, of which some few tracts might be reclaimed, mountain pasture, water, and waste. The surface is boldly diversified. Two continuous ridges of mountainous elevation, rising abruptly from the sea, and .stretching towards the south, intersect the parish in nearly parallel directions, and, terminating in a similar range of heights which extends from cast to west, form a semicircular chain of hills inclosing a spacious vale.

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

TORRISDALE, a village, in the parish of Tongue, county of Sutherland, 6 miles (N. E. by E.) from the church of Tongue; containing 106 inhabitants. This village is situated on the north coast of the county, at the head of a small bay of its own name, and is tlie seat of a valuable salmon-fishery. The water of Borgie, also called Torrisdale, issues from Loch Laoghal, and pursuing a northern course, and separating the parish from that of Farr, falls into the sea at the village. At the east side of the bay is a small indentation called the bay of Farr.

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