Tongue

"TONGUE, a parish in county Sutherland, Scotland. It comprises the villages of Skianid, Torrisdale, and Kirkibol. It extends in length about 20 miles from N.E. to S.W., with an extreme breadth of 12 miles, and is bounded by the North Sea and by the parishes of Farr, Eddrachillis, and Durness. The surface is hilly, attaining an altitude of 1,345 feet at Ben Hatig, 3,060 feet at Ben Hope, and 2,508 feet at Ben Laighal. The parish is-watered by the rivers Borgie and Melness, with lochs Ullaboll, Laighal, Maddie, Slam, and numerous small lakes. The coast line extends about 10 miles, and is divided by the Kyle of Tongue, and indented by several small creeks and by Whiten Head, the principal promontory on this part of the coast. Off the shore lie Roan and Rabbit islands. The rocks consist chiefly of gneiss, mica schist, and black manganese. At Sculmony there is a sulphur spring. Seals frequent Fraisgill Cave, and fish abound in the neighbouring seas. In the woods are red deer, black game, eagles, hawks, and foxes. There is an extensive tract of moss land, which is cut for fuel. The village, which is about 42 miles N.W. of Dornock, is situated on the Kyle of Tongue, near Whiten Head, and was formerly called Kintail, signifying the "head of the Sea." The parish is traversed by two main lines of road-one following the coast to Thurso, the other passing direct through the country of Golspie. This parish is the seat of a presbytery in the synod of Sutherland and Caithness, and is in the patronage of the crown. The stipend of the minister is about £158. The parish church was erected in 1731, and restored in 1778. There are Free churches at Melness and Eriboll, also a parochial and two other schools, and a subscription library."

Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)

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Cemeteries

Presbyterian / Unitarian
Tongue, Church of Scotland

Churches

Presbyterian / Unitarian
Tongue, Church of Scotland

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1851, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, Samuel Lewis

  • TONGUE, a parish, in the county of Sutherland, 250 miles (N. by W.) from Edinburgh; containing, with the villages of Tongue, Skianid, and Torrisdale, 2041 inhabitants, of whom 1.5,58 are in the rural districts. This place anciently formed part of the parishes of Durness and Eddrachillis, from which it was severed in IT'Si, by act o the General Assembly. It derived its original name, Kintail, signifying in the Gaelic language the "head of the sea", from its situation at the head of an inlet from the North Sea, by which latter it is bounded on the north. The parish, on its separation, took its present name from a narrow neck of land projecting far into the Kyle of Tongue, the inlet above noticed: there is a ferry from this neck to the opposite shore. This part of Sutherlandshire vias for many generations the residence of the Mackays, from whom the surrounding district, to a large extent, obtained the appellation of Lord Reay's Country; it now belongs to the Duke of Sutherland, who is sole proprietor of the parish. No transactions of historical importance are recorded in connexion with the place. Some tumuli, at a place called Druimna- Coup, point out the spot where a battle was fought between the Mackays and the Sutherlands, and where, also, in more recent times, in 1746, a party landing from a vessel bringing a supply of gold from France for the Young Pretender, were seized and stripped of their treasure, by the inhabitants.

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