"ALLERDALE-ABOVE-DERWENT WARD, one of the five wards of the county of Cumberland, bounded on the N. and E. by Allerdale-below-Derwent ward, and on the E. also by Bassenthwaite Lake, or Broadwater, Derwentwater, Westmoreland, and Lancashire, and on the S. and W. by the Irish Sea. It contains the parishes of Arlecdon, Bootle, St. Bridget Beckermet, Brigham, Cleator, Corney, Dean, Distington, Drigg, Egremont, Gosforth, Haile, Harrington, Irton, St. John Beckermet, Lamplugh, Lorton, Loweswater, Millom, Moresby, Muncaster, Ponsonby, Waberthwaite, Whicham, Whitbeck, and Workington; with parts of the parishes of St. Bees and Crosthwaite; the towns of Cockermouth, and Ravenglass; and the extra-parochial district of Salter. This ward covers an area of about 276,000 acres." "ALLERDALE-BELOW-DERWENT WARD, one of the five wards of the county of Cumberland. It is bounded on the N. by Cumberland ward, on the E. by Leath ward, on the S. by Allerdale-above-Derwent ward, and on the W. by the Irish Sea; and contains the parishes of Allhallows, Aspatria, Bassenthwaite, Bolton, Bridekirk, Caldbeck, Cammerton, Canonby Cross, Dearham, Flimby, Gilcrux, Holme Cultram, Ireby, Isell, Plumbland, Torpenhow, Uldale, and Westward, with parts of Bromfield and Crosthwaite, and the towns of Allenby, Keswick, and Maryport. Its area is about 170,400 acres." "BARKHARTH, a village in the ward of Allerdale-below-Derwent, in the county of Cumberland, 5 miles from Keswick." Ed: Not found on any map, and don't know which direction from Keswick, so I can't place it in a parish. Anyone who knows where it is is invited to let me know. Contact details are at the bottom of this web page. "BOTCHERBY, (and Botchergate) townships in the city of Carlisle, locally in Cumberland ward, in the county of Cumberland." "CASTLE WARD, one of the 6 wards or subdivisions of the county of Cumberland, situated in the southern parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. by Morpeth ward and part of the county of Durham, on the E. by the North Sea, on the S. by the river Tyne, separating it from the county of Durham, and on the W. by Tynedale ward. It is in two divisions. The eastern division contains the parishes of Earsdon, Horton, Long Benton, Tynemouth, and Wall's End, with portions of the parishes of All Saints', St. Andrew's, Gosforth, Morpeth, and Newburn. The borough of Newcastle-upon-Tyne is locally in the eastern division of Castle ward. The western division contains the parishes of Dinnington (formerly part of Ponteland), Meldon, Ponteland, Stannington, and Whalton, with parts of those of St. Andrew's, Bolam, Gosforth, Heddon-on-the-Wall, St. John's, Mitford, Morpeth, and Newburn. This ward gives name to a Poor-law Union, comprising many of the above parishes, with some others. Castle ward comprises an area of about 103,700 acres." "COCKSHOT, a spot near Keswick, in the county of Cumberland, from which there is a fine view of Derwentwater." "CROSS-FELL, a mountain pass in the county of Cumberland, 8 miles S.W. of Alston. It is crossed by the Maiden Way, and has a magnificent view over six counties, being near 3,000 feet above the sea-level. The "helm winds" blow for half the year, and are followed by much rain." "CRUMMOCK WATER, a lake, situated in the county of Cumberland, 3 miles long by three quarters of a mile broad. It is 7 miles S.W. of Keswick, between Buttermere and Loweswater. On its western bank is Scale Force, a fine waterfall of 156 feet in one leap, and then of 44 feet over rocks of sienite. The lake is adorned with three small islands, and contains abundance of trout and char." "CUMBERLAND WARD, in the county of Cumberland, contains the parishes of Beaumont, Bowness, Aikton, Dalston, Grimsdale, Burgh-by-Sands, Kirk Bampton, Kirk Bridge, Kirk-Andrews-on-Eden, Rockcliffe, Orton, Thursby, Sebergham, and Wigton, with parts of St. Cuthbert, Bromfield, Stanwix, Warwick, Wetheral, and St. Mary, comprising 94,830 acres." "DEARGARTH, a cascade formed by the river Greta, in the county of Cumberland, near Keswick. It is situated on the S.E. side of Thirlemere." "DEVOCK WATER, in the county of Cumberland, 5 miles from Ravenglass." "DUNMAIL RAISE, (or Dun-mel-wrays), a pass under Helvellyn, 756 feet high, on the borders of counties Cumberland and Westmoreland. In the vicinity is a cairn which tradition points out as the spot where the Saxon king Edmund defeated the Britons." "DUNMALLET, a hill in the county of Cumberland, commanding a fine view of Ulleswater. On its summit are the traces of a Roman camp." "ELLEN, (or Alne), a small river rising in Caldbeck fells, county Cumberland, and falling into the sea at Maryport, near Ellenborough." "ESKDALE, a ward in the N.E. part of county Cumberland, contains the parishes of Arthuret, Bewcastle, Brampton, Carlatton, Castle-Carrock, Crosby, Cumrew, Cumwhitton, Nether and Upper Denton, Farlam, Hayton, Irthington, Kingmoor, Kirkandrews, Kirk Linton, Lanercost, Scaleby, Stapleton, Walton, parts of Stanwix, Warwick, and Wetheral, and the township of Longtown, comprising an area of 204,120 acres." "GELT, a small river rising in Hartside Fells, county Cumberland, and after flowing through Gelt Dale, falls into the Irthing near Corby." "GRISDALE BECK and GRISDALE PIKE, in county Cumberland; the former is a small stream rising in Grisdale Tam, and falls into the head of Ulleswater; the latter is a mountain 2,680 feet high, situated about 5 miles W. of Keswick." "HELVELLYN, a mountain on the borders of counties Cumberland and Westmoreland. It is a rugged granite peak 3,055 feet high, on the summit of which snow often lies till July. Beneath it lie the beautiful lakes of Leathes and Ulleswater." "IRT, a stream rising under Great Gavel Fell, in county Cumberland, and flowing through Wast Water, falls into the sea at Ravenglass." "KIRKCAMBECK, a stream in county Cumberland. It rises in Spadeadam Moss, and joins the Irthing near Newtown." "LEATH, a ward in county Cumberland, contains the parishes of Addingham, Ainstable, Alston, Castle Sowerby, Croglin, Dacre, Edenhall, Greystoke, Hesket-in-the-Forest, Hutton-in-the-Forest, Kirkland, Kirk-Oswald, Lazonby, Langwathby, Melmerby, Newton-Rigny, Ousby, Penrith, Renwick, Great Salkeld, Skelton, and part of St. Mary, comprising an area of 217,430 acres." "LEVEN WATER, a tarn in county Cumberland, 5 miles W. of Hawkshead. It lies under the Old Man mountain, and is about 1 mile in circumference." "LINTHWAITE PIKE, the highest peak of Saddleback, county Cumberland." "LONG MEG, a large mass of whinstone 18 feet high by 15 round, forming part of a Druidical circle, locally known as "Long Meg and her Daughters", and situated on a heath between the Eden and Hartside Fells in county Cumberland, 3 miles S. by E. of Kirkoswald." "LORD'S ISLAND, a demesne on the E. side of Derwentwater, county Cumberland. Formerly the seat of the Radcliffe family, by whom it was forfeited, and subsequently given to Greenwich Hospital." "LOWDORE, a spot at the head of Derwentwater, county Cumberland, from whence a view is obtained of the lake, and of the waterfall to which it gives name." "MANESTY, a fell in county Cumberland, 4 miles S. of Keswick. It commands a view of Borrowdale, and the shores of Derwentwater." "MITE, a river of county Cumberland, rises under Screesfell, near Barnmoor Tarn, and falls into the sea at' Ravenglass." "NADDLE FELL, a lofty summit in the county of Cumberland, near Thirlemere." "OVERMEER, a small lake in the county of Cumberland, 3 miles S.E. of Irby. It is situated under Caldbeck Fells, and is about half a mile long by a quarter broad." "PILLAR FELL, a mountain in the county of Cumberland, 3 miles N.W. of Westwater. It attains an elevation of near 3,000 feet." "PORT-CARLISLE, a creek at the mouth of the river Eden, county Cumberland, 5 miles N.W. of Carlisle. It is a station on the Carlisle and Silloth and Port-Carlisle branch of the North British railway." "RAMPSHOLME, an islet in the lake of Derwentwater, county Cumberland." "ROSE CASTLE, anciently a border castle, but now the county seat of the Bishop of Carlisle, above the vale of Caldew, county Cumberland, 7 miles S.W. of Carlisle. It is situated in the midst of hanging woods and plantations of oak and fir, and includes the old keep and other portions of the original castle built in the early Norman times, but restored by Bishop Percy after designs by Rickman. The castle was burnt by King Robert Bruce in 1322, and again by the Scottish army in 1337, and was dismantled after the civil war in the reign of Charles I." "SCAFFELL PIKES, a double peaked mountain of the county of Cumberland, rises on the E. side of Wast Water, and attains an elevation of 3,160 feet above sea-level. From the summit a view is obtained of the lake district, with Windermere lying below, and a large extent of England, Scotland, the Isle of Man, and Snowdonia in the distance." "SCALE-FORCE, a cascade on the S. side of Crummock Water, county Cumberland, near Buttermere. It consists of two falls, one of 156 feet in one leap, and the other a little below of about 45 feet." "SCALES TARN, a small, gloomy lake under Saddleback and Skiddaw Fells, county Cumberland, 5 miles N.E. of Keswick. It covers a little above 3 acres in extent, and is 20 feet deep." "SCARNESS, a mountain of the county of Cumberland. It is situated near the eastern bank of Bassenthwaite Water, and commands a view of that lake." "SCILLY BANK, a ridge 600 feet high in the county of Cumberland, 1 mile N.E. of Whitehaven." "SCREES FELLS, a mountainous ridge in the S. part of county Cumberland, situated on the E. side of Wast Water." "SHOOLTHWAITE, a moss in the south-eastern part of county Cumberland, near Thirle Mere." "SILLOTH POINT, on the coast of county Cumberland, near Lee Scar, and opposite Silloth Bank, in the Solway Frith, 12 miles from Port Carlisle. It is the terminus of the Carlisle and Silloth and Port Carlisle section of the North British railway." "SKIDDAW, a mountain, county Cumberland, 5 miles N. of Keswick. It rises by a gradual ascent of 5 miles to an elevation of 3,022 feet, and from its summit commands views of the lake scenery." "SPRINKLING, a tarn under Scafell, county Cumberland, 3 miles N.W. of Wast Water, famous for its trout fishing." "STONETHWAITE, a spot at the head of Borrowdale, county Cumberland, 7 miles S. of Keswick. It commands a view of Eagle Crag." "TEES, a river of the north of England, rises under Cross Fell, in county Cumberland, and traversing Teesdale on the borders of counties Westmoreland and Yorkshire for near 70 miles, falls into the North Sea between Snook and Turn points." "THIRLMERE, a lake of county Cumberland, 5 miles S.E. of Keswick. It is situated under Helvellyn, and is about 3 miles long by a quarter of a mile broad, with 18 feet water. It is crossed by a bridge at the ford, and abounds in trout, perch, &c." "ULLESWATER, the largest of the lakes, after Windermere, in the lake district, on the borders of the counties of Westmoreland and Cumberland. It is situated at the river Eamont's head, at an elevation of 460 feet above sea-level. Its greatest length is 9 miles, from Dunmallet Camp, near Pooley, to the village of Patterdale, at the head of the lake, and its extreme breadth is 2 miles, but the average does not exceed 1 mile, and in parts it is only a quarter of a mile broad. It varies in depth from 5 to 35 fathoms, and its shape is zigzag, the shores being rugged and wild. The echoes on its banks repeat five or six times, and its surface presents during the prevalence of southerly winds a spotted appearance called the "keld"." "WAST WATER, a lake of county Cumberland. It gives name to Wast Dale, at the head of the river Irt, and is surrounded by ragged rocks and fells. It is 3 miles in length by half a mile wide, and abounds in trout and other fish." "WHINS TART, a small loch, county Cumberland, 2 miles E. of Penrith."
[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]