"Newbattle, (anc. Neubotle, 'new dwelling), a village and a parish in the East of Edinburghshire. The village stands, 150 feet above sea-level, on the left side of the river South Esk, ¾ mile North North East of Dalhousie station, ¾ mile South East of Eskbank station, both on the Waverley section of the North British railway, a 1 mile South by West of the post-town Dalkieth. Of high antiquity, in spite of its name, it has dwindled to a mere hamlet, which, lying low, among orchards and gardens, is sheltered nearly all round by rising-grounds.
The parish, containing also Newton Grange and Easthouses villages, with small portions of Dalkeith, Gorebridge and Hunterfield, comprises the ancient parishes of Newbattle and Maisterton. It is bounded North West by Lasswade and Dalkeith, North by Dalkeith and Cranston, East by Cranston, South East by Borthwick, South by Borthwick and West by Cockpen.
The prime object of historical interest in the parish of Newbattle in Newbattle Abbey. This was anciently, as its name imports, a monastery, and is now the seat of the Marquess of Lothian. David I founded the monastery in 1140 for a colony of Cistercian monks from Melrose."
(Extract from Groomes Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland